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The '''vampire squid''' (''Vampyroteuthis infernalis'', lit. "vampire squid of Hell") is a small, deep-sea cephalopod found throughout the temperate and tropical oceans of the world. Unique retractile sensory filaments justify the vampire squid's placement in its own order (biology)|order: Vampyromorphida (formerly Vampyromorpha), which shares similarities with both squid and octopuses. As a phylogeny|phylogenetic Relict (biology)|relict it is the only known surviving member of its order, first described and originally classified as an octopus in 1903 by Germany|German Teuthology|teuthologist Carl Chun, but later assigned to a new order together with several extinct Taxon|taxa.
Image captionAdult vampire squid
RegnumAnimalia
PhylumMollusk|Mollusca
ClassisCephalopoda
SubclassisColeoidea
SuperordoOctopodiformes
OrdoVampyromorphida
SubordoVampyromorphina
FamiliaVampyroteuthidae
Genus'''''Vampyroteuthis'''''
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